Who is eligible for NET PhD?
Who is eligible for NET PhD?
The National Eligibility Test (NET) is conducted by the University Grants Commission (UGC) to determine eligibility for lectureship and award of JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) to Indian nationals to ensure minimum standards for entrants in the teaching profession and research.
The NET exam is held twice a year, in June and December. Here is a look at the eligibility criteria for NET PhD:
To be eligible to apply for NET, a candidate must have a master's degree or be pursuing a master's degree in the relevant subject from an Indian University, Institute deemed to be a University or an educational institution established by an act of Parliament.
Some of the subjects for which NET exam is conducted include Computer Science, Environmental Sciences, Folk Literature, Forensic Science, Physical Education, Political Science, Population Studies, Sanskrit Traditional Subjects, Women Studies, Yoga, Adult Education, Anthropology, Arab Culture and Islamic Studies, Chinese, Dogri, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Pali, Persian, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and more.
As per the UGC notification in 2020, there is no upper age limit to apply for the NET exam starting from the December 2020 cycle. Before this notification, the upper age limit was 30 years for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and no bar for Lectureship (LS).
There is no relaxation in the lower age limit, which is 19 years. Thus, candidates must be at least 19 years old on the first day of the month of the exam to apply for UGC NET.
Number of Attempts Allowed
Earlier, candidates were allowed only six attempts to clear the NET exam. However, per the November 2020 notification, no limit has been placed on the number of attempts starting from the 2020 cycle NET.
Thus, a candidate can attempt the UGC NET exam as often as needed to qualify. However, a fresh application must be filled out for each attempt, and the exam fee must be paid.
Exemptions from NET
The following candidates are exempted and, hence not required to appear for the NET exam:
Candidates who have cleared the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) exam or have been awarded a Junior Research Fellowship in Humanities, including languages, by UGC
Candidates who have cleared State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal
Candidates clearing any national level exam with JRF in Humanities, including languages conducted by CSIR, ICMR, ICAR, ICHR, ICSSR or any other agencies approved by the UGC
Reservation/Relaxation for SC/ST/OBC/PWD and Transgender Candidates
Candidates belonging to specific categories are eligible for relaxations and reservations in the NET exam as per the Government of India rules:
Scheduled Caste (SC)/Scheduled Tribe (ST) candidates get a relaxation of 5% in aggregate marks eligibility criteria
Other Backward Classes (OBC) belonging to the 'Non Creamy Layer' get a relaxation of 3% in aggregate marks eligibility criteria
Physically disabled candidates with at least 40% disability get a relaxation of 10% in aggregate marks eligibility requirements.
Transgender candidates have recently been made eligible to apply under the OBC/General category based on parental category.
In conclusion, Indian nationals with a postgraduate degree in the relevant subject with a minimum aggregate percentage of marks can apply for NET JRF & Assistant Professorship. There is no age limit or attempt limit now for use. Certain exemptions and relaxations exist for candidates belonging to reserved categories.
NET-qualified candidates can pursue their PhD and apply for Assistant Professor Positions in Indian universities and colleges.
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